Table definitions water quality

Просмотров:
4365
ways for the home environment.
Таблица определения качества воды - способы для домашних условий.

To truly appreciate the quality of the water it is necessary to make correct and reliable chemical analysis, which is necessary to contact the laboratory accredited to conduct chemical and physical studies on drinking water in accordance with the requirements of all applicable governing documents (SanPiN, GOST, etc.). Water for analysis you can take yourself, and you can trust the sampling specialist. The purpose of the study is to understand what

in this table the material with varying degree of accuracy to diagnose the problem yourself or a number of problems faced in everyday life with the consumption of contaminated water from different sources of water, be it municipal water, artesian well or the pit.

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

Exterior signs signs, the delayed time pollutants in water
When heated, the water becomes brown Water tap cold water flows clear but eventually turns brown color. Brown stains on plumbing fittings, plumbing fixtures, stains on dishes. Laundry yellowish color. Darkening tea, coffee and other beverages. Dissolved (ferrous) iron
Water reddish-brown color Almost immediately settling on the bottom of the tank accumulate particles Oxidized iron. Iron
Brown water Precipitate falls Organic (bacterial) iron
Reddish color of the water remains after 24 hours of sedimentation - Colloidal iron
Metallic taste - High iron content (above 3.0 mg/l)pH Level below 4.5
- lime is Deposited a film or coating on the plumbing. Large scale in teapots. Increased consumption of detergents. Decreases the efficiency of the heating system. There is an effect of the contraction of the skin. Hair becomes brittle. Hard water. Contains salts of calcium (limestone) and magnesium
the Smell of rotten eggs. Unpleasant taste of cooked food, its unappetizing appearance the Formation of dark spots on the dishes and silverware. On the surface of tubs and sinks yellowish or black spots. Change the color of the coffee and other beverages. Dissolved hydrogen sulfide (H2S)
- Corrosion of stainless steel surfaces. Darkening and corrosion of sinks and sanitary ware, made of stainless steel. Very high content of chlorides
Blue-green color of water Green stains on sink and other porcelain surfaces. the result of the reaction of acidic water with copper and bronze fittings
Taste of alkali Stains on aluminum cookware. High level of total salinity and alkalinity
Salty taste Water sometimes causes a laxative effect High content of sodium or magnesium
Smell fishy, musty, earthy or wood - In water there are organic compounds
the Blackish tinge in the water Blackish stains on underwear or sanitary engineering the Content of manganese above 0.05 mg/l
Yellow water Yellow stains on China water is present In tannin (humic acid)

INORGANIC SUBSTANCES

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

Indicators of water Units Hygienic standard Sources diseases Caused by cleaning recommended
Aluminum mg/l 0,5 Widely distributed in nature, is used as a coagulant in water purification At high concentrations may damage the brain, Central nervous system Ion exchange, reverse osmosis (ro)
Asbestos fibers/l 7 million Dissolution of asbestos-containing minerals and ores, industrial effluents, asbestos-cement pipes the Ability of cancer Filter
Barium mg/l 0,1 Natural sources cardiovascular disease Ion exchange, OO, distillation
Beryllium mg/l 0,0002 Electrical, aerospace, and military industries Causes gene mutations, affects the bone tissue and the lungs Coagulation and filtration, activated carbon, activated alumina, Ion exchange, OO, distillation
Bor mg/l 0,5 Some construction materials, some detergents, industrial and municipal effluents Prolonged exposure leads to irritation of the gastro-intestinal tract, diseases of reproductive system Ion exchange, OO
Stiffness mEq/l 1,5 - 7,0 Soluble forms of calcium and magnesium Increased water hardness can contribute to scale formation and occurrence of flavour in the water Softening, PA
Iron mg/l 0,3 widespread in nature Irritant effect on mucous membranes and skin, hemochromatosis, Allergy, dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, liver chemical and Catalytic oxidation and filtering
Cadmium mg/l 0,001 Textile, steel industry Causes of kidney disease, bronchitis, anemia, tract Ion exchange, OO, distillation, coagulation and filtering
Manganese mg/l 0,1 widespread in nature, migration of materials water the Impact on enzyme system of the brain, Central nervous system chemical and Catalytic oxidation and filtering
Copper mg/l 1,0 widespread in nature gastric Irritation at high concentrations, the kidneys, cirrhosis of the liver Ion exchange, OO, distillation
Arsenic mg/l 0,05 Falls into the water by dissolution of minerals and ores, from industrial effluents CNS, skin cancer, other cancers Ion exchange, PA. distillation, coagulation and filtration, activated alumina
Nickel mg/l 0,1 Metals, batteries, plating, chemical industry, groundwater and industrial effluents Prolonged exposure affects the CNS and kidneys, the reproductive system Ion exchange, OO, distillation
Nitrate mg/l 4,5 (NO(3)) is Present in fertilizers, sewage, minerals Blood, cardiovascular system Ion exchange, OO, distillation
Sodium mg/l 200 Natural sources, industrial effluents, urban runoff when using salt in the icing Possible hypertension in sensitive people GS, distillation
Mercury mg/l 0,0005 Used in fungicidal and germicidal coatings, coatings against fouling, in thermometers and barometers, textiles, wood, oil refining, part colors Affects the Central nervous system, kidneys, reproductive system, cause high blood pressure Ion exchange, OO, filtration, coagulation and distillation, activated charcoal
Lead mg/l 0,03 Manufacture of lead-acid batteries, alloys, solders Toxic substance General steps Ion exchange, OO, distillation, coagulation and filtration, activated Gaulle
Antimony mg/l 0,05 flame Retardants, ceramics, electronics, solder a Possible human carcinogen Coagulation and filtration, PAS, distillation
Selenium mg/l 0,01 Natural sources Toxic with prolonged exposure Softening, OO, coagulation, activated alumina, distillation
Silver mg/l 0,05 In nature occurs in the form of salts in groundwater a Symptom of the excessive content in the body is Argyros Ion exchange, OO, distillation
Fluoride mg/l 0,7 - 1,5 Natural sources At fault - the decay, the excess - dental fluorosis and skeletal deformity skeletal development in children, cretinism. Ion exchange, OO, distillation, activated alumina
Chrome mg/l 0,05 Natural sources Disorder of liver and kidneys affects the skin and digestive system Ion exchange, OO, distillation, coagulation and filtering
Chlorides mg/l 350 Natural sources High concentrations affect the taste of water Ion exchange, OO, distillation
Cyanide mg/l 0,035 Electroplating, steel, plastic it Affects the thyroid gland and the Central nervous system Ion exchange, PA. distillation, chemical oxidation
Zinc mg/l 5,0 widespread in nature Not directly related to health, but modifies the external characteristics of water: unpleasant taste, oily film during boiling Ion exchange, PA. distillation

ORGANIC MATTER

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

Indicators of water Units Hygienic standard Sources diseases Caused by cleaning recommended
1.1-dichloroethane µg/l 30* Used in the manufacture of dyes, plastics, adhesives, perfumery Central nervous system Depressant, toxic effects on the liver, kidneys, professional effects Activated charcoal
1.2-dichloroethane µg/l 30* Gasoline, dyes, paints, fumigants, insecticides Kidneys, liver, causes nausea Activated charcoal
1.1.1-trichloroethane µg/l 2000 Manufacture of pesticides, plastics, metals Exposure to high concentrations is toxic to the liver Activated charcoal
1.1.2-trichloroethane µg/l 5000 Solvent in the manufacture of chemicals, rubber, metals Kidneys, liver, nervous system Activated charcoal
1.2-dichlorobenzene µg/l 1000 Fumigants, insecticides, wax, asphalt, rubber, resin Lungs, kidneys, liver Activated charcoal
1.2-dichloropropane µg/l 0,005 Insecticidal fumigants, dry means dry-cleaning, manufacturing of resins, waxes, petroleum Lungs, kidneys, liver Activated charcoal
1.4-dichlorobenzene µg/l 300 anti-moth, herbicides, pesticides, fumigants soil Nervous system, liver, kidneys, possible cancer Activated charcoal
Acrylamide µg/l 10 Flocculant used in wastewater treatment Neurotoxic, affects germ cells, disrupts the reproductive system Activated charcoal
Benzene µg/l 10 Is part of combustible materials, gasoline, the main source is motor vehicle emissions Leukemia, anemia, high risk of cancer, affects the Central nervous system Activated charcoal
Trichlorophenol µg/l 100 Chlorination of water containing phenol Diseases of the Central nervous system, liver, Pishevari. system cancer Activated charcoal
dichloro methane µg/l 500 Chlorination Kidney Activated charcoal
Ethylbenzene µg/l 10 In the manufacture of gasoline, insecticides and asphalt, oil refining industry Irritation of the mucous membranes, liver, kidneys Activated charcoal
monochlorobenzene µg/l 300 In the manufacture of pesticides, industrial solvent At high doses affects the liver, circulatory system, possible cancer Activated charcoal
PAH µg/l 0,7 combustion and pyrolysis Cancer Activated charcoal
Di(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalat µg/l 8 Plastic Affects the skin, liver, causes nausea, possible cancer Activated charcoal
styrene µg/l 100 Manufacture of plastics, resins the Central nervous system, irritation of the mucous membranes, mutagenic effects, cancer Activated charcoal
Tetrachloroethylene µg/l 20 Chlorination Affects the Central nervous system, damage kidneys, liver Activated charcoal
Toluene µg/l 700 Solvent for dyes, lacquers and adhesives, compounded gasoline CNS and irritation of the mucous membranes Activated charcoal
Chloroform µg/l 200 is Formed during treatment with chlorine of water containing organic matter Causes changes in the kidneys, thyroid gland, liver Activated carbon, ultrafiltration, PA
1.2-Dichlorethan µg/l 50 Industrial solvent in the production of paint, rubber materials, perfumery Circulatory system, nervous system, liver Activated charcoal
Trichloroethylene µg/l 60 Chlorination Cause skin irritation, affects Central nervous system, liver, kidneys Activated charcoal
Xylene µg/l 500 Solvent in the blending of gasoline, in chemical synthesis Affects the Central nervous system, kidneys, lungs, liver Activated charcoal
Chloride µg/l 5 the source of Contamination, migration of material water structures Causes angiosarcoma of the liver, brain tumor, lung, breast, lymphatic and hematopoietic tissue Activated charcoal

note:

* - guideline values of the who guidelines for drinking-water quality, 1993.

PESTICIDES

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

the

Indicators of water Units Hygienic standard Sources diseases Caused by cleaning recommended
Aldicarb µg/l 10 Pesticides to combat agricultural pests Affects the Central nervous system, respiratory system, kidneys, liver, possible cancer Activated charcoal
Carbofuran µg/l 5 Insecticide siromastvu Possible carcinogen Activated charcoal
Heptachlorepoxid µg/l 0,03 Side productsproizvodi pesticides Affects the Central nervous system, respiratory system, kidneys, liver, possible cancer Activated charcoal
Hexachlorobenzene µg/l 50 Side productsproizvodi pesticides Liver, skin, cancer Activated charcoal
Hexachlorocyclo-pentadien µg/l 0,05 agricultural insecticide Cancer Activated Charcoal
Lindane µg/l 2 agricultural insecticide Affects the Central nervous system, respiratory system, kidneys, liver, possible cancer Activated charcoal
Methoxychlor µg/l 20 agricultural insecticide Affects the Central nervous system, respiratory system, kidneys, liver, possible cancer Activated charcoal
Oxamyl µg/l 20 agricultural insecticide kidney Disease Activated charcoal
Takaful µg/l 3 agricultural insecticide Affects the Central nervous system, respiratory system, kidneys, liver, possible cancer Activated charcoal

HERBICIDES

the

the

the

the

the

Indicators of water Units Hygienic standard Sources diseases Caused by cleaning recommended
2,4-D µg/l 30 agricultural herbicide Affects the nervous and reproductive systems, kidneys, liver Activated charcoal
Alachlor µg/l 20 agricultural herbicide nasal turbinate tumors of the stomach, thyroid gland Activated charcoal
Pentachlorophenol µg/l 9 agricultural herbicide, wood preservative, industrial pollution Affects the nervous and reproductive systems, kidneys, liver, heart, respiratory tract Activated charcoal
Simazine µg/l 2 is Used for growing agricultural crops, as well as outside areas of agricultural production cancer Activated charcoal

RADIONUCLIDES

the

the

the

the

Indicators of water Units Hygienic standard Sources diseases Caused by cleaning recommended
total alpha radioactivity Bq/l 0,1 Radioactive waste, uranium deposits Cancer Ion exchange
total Beta radioactivity Bq/l 1 Product of the decay of radionuclides of natural or technological origin Cancer Ion exchange
Combined radium 226,228 Bq/l 1 field bone Cancer Ion exchange, reverse osmosis, distillation

MICROBIOLOGICAL parameters

the

the

the

the

the

the

Indicators of water Units Hygienic standard Sources diseases Caused by cleaning recommended
Thermotolerant coliform bacteria the Number of bacteria in 100 ml no Waste water, fecal pollution diseases of the digestive tract. The presence in water may indicate the presence of other bacteria Chlorination, UV irradiation, distillation
Total coliform bacteria the Number of bacteria in 100 ml no Waste water, fecal pollution diseases of the digestive tract. The presence in water may indicate the presence of other bacteria Chlorination, UV irradiation, distillation
Total microbial count the Number of bacterial colonies in 1 ml no Waste water, fecal pollution diseases of the digestive tract. The presence in water may indicate the presence of other bacteria Chlorination, UV irradiation, distillation
Giardia the Number of cysts in 50L no Human and animal faeces diseases of the stomach and intestines Chlorination, UV irradiation, distillation
Intestinal virus Ed./ml no Human and animal faeces, wastewater diseases of the stomach and intestines Chlorination, UV irradiation, distillation

SENSORY characteristics

the

the

the

the

the

Indicators of water Units Hygienic standard Sources diseases Caused by cleaning recommended
Turbidity Ed. EYF 2,6 (3,5) * Erosion natural sources, industrial discharges Not directly related to health Filtration, coagulation, sedimentation
Color C 20 (35) * the Presence of humus substances of soil, plant, plankton or peat origin, and also metals as natural admixtures or as corrosion products Significant change in color indicates the possible presence of hazardous substances depending on the source of contamination
Taste points 2 Biochemical pollution the Unusual taste may indicate the presence of hazardous substances depending on the source of contamination
Smell points 2 Biochemical pollution an Unusual odor may indicate the presence of hazardous substances depending on the source of contamination

note:

* - values given in parentheses may be set by resolution of the chief state sanitary doctor of the corresponding territory for particular water supply system on the basis of the evaluation of the sanitary-epidemiological situation in the locality and applied water treatment technologies.

Тэги: 
Поделиться в соцсетях:

Add new comment

Таблица определения качества воды - способы для домашних условий.

To truly appreciate the quality of the water it is necessary to make correct and reliable...

Защитное покрытие дерева

Wood is an organic material and, accordingly, it is a very favorable environment for fungi and...